Its still a mystery as the issue if microcephaly grow and grow in the South American nation. Zika virus which seems to be the culprit is yet to be fully pronounced as the cause of this abnormal situation which affects pregnant women. A big study which involved 5,000 women which is still in conduction is said go help make things clearer although results of those tests might extends to mid year. This research had so far allowed researchers realise that the Zika virus can affect pregnancy at any stage and trimester. The research senior author Dr. Karin Nielsen made it known that they saw problems with pregnant women eight weeks, 22 weeks, 25 weeks and even 35 weeks along.
At a clinic called Oswaldo Cruz Foundation in Rio de Janeiro, the team of scientists made a thorough study about 88 pregnant women with the intention of being tested for the virus. It was sad enough that 72 of them tested positive to the virus. Hence, 42 of the positive women as well as the 16 that tested negative agreed to undergo further test and ultrasounds.
A total of 12 subjects among the 42 infected women had problematic ultrasound results, and two of them ended up losing their babies in their third trimester.
Out of 6 births overall, 2 out of the babies were very small while one still had a severe microcephaly. Another noticed defect was that the three significant babies had lesions in their eyes which indicates blindness. Another one needed to he delivered via Cesarean Section since the mother’s uterus had no amniotic fluid.
Two of the mothers who had normal ultrasound results delivered healthy babies.
Based on the study and others ones, Nielsen had made it known that these could help eliminate theories that pesticides which are being used to curb off mosquitoes are the cause. These believes made citizens to go against the usage of those insecticides but Nielsen believes those believes are bad making it more clearer when he stated that
“you want to enhance vector control to prevent infection and not abandon that approach during an epidemic.”Besides UCLA’s research, another one
conducted by Johns Hopkins, Florida State and Emory universities have shown through lab testing that the virus kills tissues that form the brain and the nervous system. So there is and will be more attempts to experiment and get better glimpse about how and why those things get wrong as related to the Zika Virus.