The COVID-19 is a respiratory disease caused by SARS-COV-2 virus which is a strain of virus that came from Wuhan in China late December of the year 2019 and has caused a devastating effect on almost everyone on earth forcing businesses to be closed, events to be canceled and economies to be completely shattered since it’s spread earlier this year 2020.
This is a very new disease and because of that, there is much to learn about the disease which scientists ae constantly working on in order to understand more about it so as to be able to fight it even much more efficiently. Meanwhile in their researches, scientists have been able to realize the roles played by pre-existing conditions in determining the severity of the disease on patients who contracts the coronavirus.
In order to assess the situations which can determine the fatality of the coronavirus infection, scientists have been able to further carry out much more researchers on pre-existing conditions which can cause serious complications.
The research was recently carried out by Penn State University which published in the journal PLOS One took a look at a variety of pre-existing conditions.
A team of researchers reviewed data on almost 500 COVID-19 cases and determined the following five cases are the deadliest pre-existing conditions when it comes to the coronavirus disease.
Cancer Patients are 1.47 times more likely to die from COVID
While an early diagnose of cancer might mean catching the malignant cells when they’re still fresh out, the American Cancer Society writes that “doctors are still learning about the possible risks of COVID-19 infection for cancer patients”.
The body further warned that all patients who are undergoing chemotherapy or stem cell (bone marrow) treatments should be extra careful and avoid infections at all cost “because their immune system can be severely weakened by the treatment.”
Diabetic patients are 1.48 times more likely to die from COVID
While some diabetes can be lifelong, having the illness doesn’t mean you’re susceptible to catching the COVID-19 but “the problem people with diabetes face is primarily a problem of worse outcomes” stated the American Diabetes Association.
If your diabetes is being manage safely and regularly that puts you in a much better position but if the blood sugar level are constantly fluctuating or other diabetes-related complications can happen.
Since COVID-19 is a viral disease, this makes it also risky for diabetic patients as it can cause inflammation or internal swelling which is an already risky situation of above-target blood sugars.
Viruses also make patients more likely to experience diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). And if you’re concerned about this condition, This Quick Trick Can Determine Your Diabetes Risk, Study Says.
Hypertensive patients are 1.82 times more likely to die from COVID
Having a high blood pressure can be risky to your lifestyle causing stress and doctors have described this as “the silent killer” because it can often be present with no symptoms at all.
Meanwhile, early analysis of data from the outbreak of COVID-19 both in the US and China showed that having high blood pressure is the most commonly shared pre-existing condition among those hospitalized with 3- to 50 percent of patients havign it.
Hypertension is very deadly as it can weaken the patient’s immune system and because of this, patients hit by the COVID-19 are likely to exhibit more severe symptoms.
Congestive heart failure patients are 2.03 times more likely to die from COVID
Patients with congestive heart failure which is a progressive, chronic weakening of the heart which causes the ventricles to lose their strength and their ability to pump sufficient blood throughout the body are 2.03 times more likely to die from COVID-19.
Studies carried out in China suggested that about 20% of the COVID-19 patients in Wuhan which is the epicenter of the original outbreak in December demonstrated a cardiac effect called “myocardial injury”.
However, analysis by the University of Oxford also stresses that it’s important that heart failure patients are not “written off.” “For patients with known heart failure, continuation of current therapy is crucial,” the experts warn.
Chronic kidney disease patients are 3.25 times more likely to die from COVID
Those who are constant smokers as well as older people or those living with obesity and diabetes are at a much more higher risk for chronic kidney disease and this disease also runs as an heredity which is more common in African-Americans, Native Americans and Asian-Americans.
As many cases of COVID-19 is being reported, patients with this disease are much more vulnerable and can lead to fatal severity if they contract the COVID-19.
“Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have a higher rate of all-type infections and cardiovascular disease than the general population,” a June paper in the Clinical Kidney Journal sums up. “A markedly altered immune system and immunosuppressed state may predispose CKD patients to infectious complications. Likewise, they have a state of chronic systemic inflammation that may increase their morbidity and mortality.” This research found that the risk for severe COVID-19 is three times higher in those with CKD than those without it.